Thu. May 13th, 2021

Health Matters

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Factors That Cause Infertility

3 min read
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Getting pregnant is not always as easy as it may seem for some people. A common question that has risen more frequently recently is; ‘how to have a baby boy or girl?’ And this is where infertility comes into play.  

Infertility occurs in both men and women, and these causes may not be natural, for example; overexposure to toxins, and radiation or certain chemicals might impact negatively on fertility rates. A low sperm count, changes due to reproductive systems, genetics, and age can affect egg or sperm production. Here are some ideas of issues that may cause infertility in both men and women.

Possible Causes of Infertility In Men

Klinefelter’s Syndrome

This factor occurs when a man has a Y chromosome and two X chromosomes. While this genetic condition causes low testosterone, it might affect the development of testicles and sperm count.

Consumption of Illicit drugs

Drugs like marijuana, cigarettes, and cocaine are classified as illegal because of their potential hazards to wellbeing. The use of these substances might reduce sperm count. Apart from illicit drugs, the excessive consumption of alcohol and pesticides in food may result in similar conditions.


Naturally, the decline of a man’s fertility rate begins after 40 years. The following infertility conditions can result from overheated and cancerous testicles. Also, infection or varicose veins in the scrotum can cause blockages in ejaculatory ducts.

Low Sperm Count

An aggregate of fluid and sperm that’s ejaculated by a man during orgasm is called the semen. While sperm comes from the testicles; prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and sex glands provide the fluid. When there are fewer concentrations of sperm per ejaculation, it might result in infertility. Usually, a sperm count that’s lower than 15 million is a low sperm count condition.

Low Sperm Mobility (Motility)

It’s the seminal fluid that transports sperm to the egg. When the sperm doesn’t make a successful ‘swim’ towards the egg, it results in a low sperm mobility condition. Also, the sperm may not have a productive swim to the egg when the semen is abnormal.

Abnormal Sperm

Generally, when the sperm’s shape is unusual, it might be hard to swim and fertilize an egg. The slow movement of suboptimal sperm often delays conception.

Possible Causes of Infertility In Women

Hormonal Disorders

Issues like hormonal disorders can affect ovulation. Irregular ovulation, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and primary ovarian insufficiency are some of the factors that prevent the timely release of eggs from ovaries.

STIs and Other Infections

The effect of sexually transmitted infections (STI) on reproductive systems isn’t limited to women. However, some STIs stay inside the bodies of women for many years without showing enough symptoms. Usually, anatomical damages occur during these periods of infestation. Like gonorrhea and chlamydia; they might block a woman’s fallopian tubes or affect the cervix if they stay very long in the body.


This condition occurs when there’s an abnormal growth of cells or tissues in another part of the body instead of the uterus’ lining. Endometriosis can disrupt the implantation of fertilised eggs or block fallopian tubes. So, surgery might help to correct this abnormality in women. There have been a large amount of women today, that have turned to IVF gender selection, in hopes to start successfully start a family.

Other Factors That Might Affect a Woman’s Fertility

Submucosal fibroids, uterine fibroids, unhealthy body weight, cysts, polyps, and waiting after 35 years to get pregnant.

Basic Elements for Pregnancy


Ovulation must occur for a woman to get pregnant. The process of ovulation produces a healthy egg from a woman’s ovaries. An obstetrician can help women to determine their menstrual cycles and ovulation period.


It’s only a viable sperm that can fertilise the egg from a woman successfully. A woman that wants to conceive must have regular intercourse and have healthy sperm fertilise her egg.


A woman’s fallopian tube has to be open, and her uterus has to be functional for her healthy egg to travel. It’s in the fallopian tubes that sperms meet eggs.


After fertilisation, the embryo attaches inside of a healthy uterus. Also, the uterus is vital because it plays a post-fertilisation role in the reproduction process.

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